Geography and Demography
The city of Buenos Aires is the capital city of the Federal Republic of Argentina and the second agglomeration of South America. It is a port and industrial city which concentrates the economic and political life of the country. 35% of the Argentine population (13.8 million in 2001) lives in the capital city and outskirts of the Greater Buenos Aires. Its inhabitants are called porteños: people of the port. The city is divided into 48 neighborhoods, each with very different characteristics. Among the most well-known are the port quarters of La Boca and Puerto Madero, the animated neighborhoods of San Telmo and Downtown, and further north the more residential neighborhoods of Belgrano, Palermo and Recoleta.