Argentina stated in numbers

Argentina stated in numbers

A country full of resources

Economic indicators: growth, inflation, unemployment…

Argentina is the 3rd economic power in Latin America, following Brazil and Mexico. Argentina’s economic growth, strong from 2003 to 2011 (7,5% by year), had a break in 2012 (1,5%), before entering in decrease since 2014.
Growth rate : 0,5 % (2014)
GNP : 536 trillions of dollars (2015)
GNP per capita : 12.509 dollars (2014)

Half of the population is under a paid off-the-books regime or is sub-employed. Pursuant to national statistics, poverty amounts to one-third of the population.
Inflation : 30% (2014)
Foreign debt : 43% of GNP (2014)
Exchange rate : 15 pesos per 1 dollar (2016)
Unemployment rate : 7,7% (2014)
Informal work (paid off-the-books) : 41,6% of total employment
Poverty rate : 30%  of population (2014)
Indigence rate : 12% of the population (2014)

Main resources: meat, wine, cereals, tourism, cars…

Thanks to its extensive territory available for culture to develop and cattle to race, Argentina is still a leading agro-exporter. The industry has decreased a lot since the 1980s and the service sector is currently representing the higher revenues.
GNP due to agriculture : 8,3% (en 2014)
GNP due to industry : 28,8%  (en 2014)
GNP due to services : 62,9%  (en 2014)
Exports : 8,3% of GNP (2014)
Imports : 28,8% of GNP (en 2014)
Argentine meat: 3rd world cattle meat producer
Argentine wine: 5th world producer, 9th exporter
Soya: 1st export product, 3rd world producer
Corn: 5th world producer
Tourism in Argentina: over 2,4 million foreign visitors in 2014.
The tourism industry renders revenues in 2,6 trillion dollars, which makes it one of the leading industries of the country.
Other remarkable sectors: car industry, chemical and petrochemical industry, food industry, iron and steel industry, mining resources, etc.

High human development index

The human development index (HDI), created by the UN in 1990, is an index that considers both the greatest economic indicators of a country and the life quality of the populations in relation to health, education services access and living standard. Argentina is at the 40th place (PNUD 2014) within the group of 63 countries with greatest human development. This is the highest HDI in all Latin America.

Total population : 41,09 millions  (2014)
Life expectancy : 77,7 años (2015)
Fertility rate : 2,23 births per woman (2015)
Population under 15 years :  24,9%  (2014)
Demographic development : 0,93% (2015)

Urban population : 92% (2014)
Education rate : 97.2% (2008/12)
Primary education rate : 99% (2008/12)

Public expenditure on education : 5,8% of the GNP (2010)
Public expenditure on health : 8,1% of the GNP (2011)
Internet access : 2.7 million homes (in 2006, +19.8%)
Gini index considering ineguality of revenues : 52,8 (2004) (France : 32,7)
Female economic activity : 52.2% (France: 48.2%)

Sources : INDEC – Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Economy, Central Bank, UN)