Longer before the Spanish conquest, the South American aboriginal people made refined clothing for apparel or as gifts made with wool from tamed llamas. To protect themselves from the cold weather, they covered the upper part of their bodies with a poncho : a square or rectangular piece of clothing with a hole for the head that falls both sides of the body, sometimes up to the ankles.
The colors come from the vegetable or mineral dyes. The poncho was quickly adopted by the Spaniards in the countryside, especially in the Andean and the Pampa regions. It would also become one of the essential apparel attributes of the gaucho: it is a piece of warm clothing, a blanket or an accessory when it is folded or carried on the shoulder.