The latin american, the new immigration wave 

The latin american, the new immigration wave

Today in Argentina, 6 out of 10 immigrants arrived from Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru…

Paraguayans in Argentina

After the second half of the 20th century, most immigrants in Argentina were Latin American: Bolivian, Paraguayan, Peruvian, Chilean… Although there have always been population movements between neighboring countries, they have increased in the last decades for an economic reason: Argentina was and is now again one of the wealthiest countries of the region. Contrary to what happened with the immigration wave in the 1850s and 1920s, today it is not upon the government’s request.

According to 2001 census, the ratio of aliens from Latin American countries was 61%. However, the Argentine population only has 4,1% of aliens as opposed to 30% in 1914.

Paraguayan community in Argentina

Paraguayans are very numerous in Argentina (2001 census: 325,000) even though they generally do not have documents and, thus, it is difficult to count them accurately. They are settled down in the provinces nearest to their country: Formosa, Misiones, Corrientes, Chaco and Entre Ríos. Firstly, they migrated for political reasons, and then for economic reasons. This community is very active (at social, sportive, and entertainment levels) and especially the guaraní culture and language. The Paraguayans represent the most important alien community in Argentina.


Bolivians (233,000) mostly work with growing vegetables in the Northern area and selling them in the city. For example, the majority of greengrocers’ in Buenos Aires are Bolivian. Bolivia is one of the poorest countries of the region, and the aimara ethnic and cultural vicinity to the Argentine Northeastern region explains the great migratory movement, whether temporary or definite.


Chileans (212,000) have concentrated along the border, particularly in Patagonia. Many of them migrated during Pinochet’s dictatorial regime.

Peruvians (150,000) have migrated recently, as from the 1980s and have settled down especially in Buenos Aires and the surrounding areas. Women outnumber men, and their living conditions tend to be precarious.

Uruguayans (118,.000): cultural and love vicinity between both sides of Río de la Plata have always favored the exchange.


To read: 
– Centro de Estudios Migratorios Latinoamericanos (CEMLA)