Near East: the "Turkish"
Immigration from the old Ottoman Empire started in the second half of the 19th century, and more significantly in the times of the First World War. As in all Latin America, and although the majority are from Syria and Lebanon and the minority are from Palestine, they were all called “Turkish”.
The first immigrants were farming workers or worked building the railways or in travelling commerce. Many settled down in the Northeastern provinces (Salta, Tucumán, etc.). 3,6 million Arabian people are estimated to be in Argentina that is 10% of the population. Former President Carlos Menem is from a Syrian origin and gave up his Muslim religion to be a presidential candidate.
In Argentina, there is a great Armenian minority made up of roughly 120,000 descendents, which is the biggest community in America after that in the United States.