Near East and Extreme East : the "Turkish" and "Chinese"

Near East and Extreme East : the “Turkish” and “Chinese”

The Syrian and Lebanese arrived from the 19th century; Asian immigration is the most recent one.

Near East: the "Turkish"

Immigration from the old Ottoman Empire started in the second half of the 19th century, and more significantly in the times of the First World War. As in all Latin America, and although the majority are from Syria and Lebanon and the minority are from Palestine, they were all called “Turkish”.

The first immigrants were farming workers or worked building the railways or in travelling commerce. Many settled down in the Northeastern provinces (Salta, Tucumán, etc.). 3,6 million Arabian people are estimated to be in Argentina that is 10% of the population. Former President Carlos Menem is from a Syrian origin and gave up his Muslim religion to be a presidential candidate.

In Argentina, there is a great Armenian minority made up of roughly 120,000 descendents, which is the biggest community in America after that in the United States.

Japan, Korea, China

The first Japanese arrived in Argentina at the beginning of the 20th century, especially after the Second World War.The community has about 35,000 members, what makes it the fourth exiled Japanese community of the world, after those in Brazil, the United States and Peru.

In the 1960s, Koreans settled down in the capital city and started to work in the textile industry. As from the 1990s the Chinese arrived to work, mainly as retailers or in charge of grocery stores and small supermarkets. In the capital city, precisely in Belgrano, there is a small china town.
In Argentina, the Asian communities are the least incorporated so far.